Famous Memorials Around The World.
The emotional power of architecture and design can be seen in full force through some of the worlds most famous memorials. The design of a memorial must carefully balance meaning and design, as well as keeping the central design around the victim or victims. Each memorial is unique and acts as a way of connecting the past to the present. They allow people to remember the event and loved ones providing a permanent resting place. This gives people the opportunity to respect and remember their loved ones as well. South Wales Monuments have done some research into some of the most famous memorials around the world to share with you. If you would like any information on how to remember your loved one or the services we provide contact us today for more information on our website.
The Holocaust Memorial, Berlin, Germany.
The Holocaust Memorial is there to remember the Jewish victims of the Holocaust. The design consists of 2,711 rectangular concrete slabs placed on a sloping stretch of land. They are similar lengths and widths but are various heights. The memorial does not have any names, inscriptions or religious symbols. The architect Peter Eisenman created a labyrinth of pathways between the massive stone slabs and explained that he wanted visitors to feel the disorientation and loss that Jews felt during that time. Each stone is unique this was to establish the uniqueness and sameness of the people who were murdered.
Underneath the memorial ground is a place of information which holds the names of approximately 3 million Jewish Holocaust victims.
9/11 Memorial, New York, USA.
The National September 11 Memorial is a tribute of remembrance to the 2,977 people killed in the terror attack which occurred on September 11, 2001. The event happened at the World Trade Center in New York City. There was also a terror attack at the Pentagon. The memorial also remembers those people who were killed in the World Trade Center bombings in 1993.
The memorial has two twin pools which are nearly an acre in size each. The pools sit within the footprints of where the Twin Towers once stood. The names of nearly 3000 people who passed away in both 2001 and 1993 attacks are inscribed into bronze panels which surround the edge of the memorial pools. The memorial is a powerful reminder of the largest loss of life from a foreign attack on American land.
The names are stencil cut into parapets allowing visitors to create a paper impression of individual names. At night the light shines up the names of the victims. Visitors have also been known to place flowers in individuals names as a sign of respect and love.
The Clearing Memorial, Utøya, Norway.
The Clearing was designed by Bergen architects 3RW’s intervention and was created as a memorial for the tragic events that took place on 22 July 2011. Anders Breivik opened fire on members of the Workers’ Youth League (AUF) camping on the island that Summer killing 69 people. Before this, he detonated a bomb outside a government building in nearby Oslo, this explosion killed a further eight people.
A 12-meter wide circular space was cleared overlooking the water where a four-meter steel ring was installed amongst the pine trees. The steel ring hangs above the ground surrounded by trees. The ring has inscribed the victims’ names. The architect said, “We wanted to develop the memorial on Utøya as such a clearing; forming a clear spot and highlighting all the beautiful landscape qualities that are already in place and in contact with the surrounding environment.”
The Shoes On Danube Bank, Budapest, Hungary.
On the banks of the Danube stands 60 pairs of iron shoes. These shoes are pointed towards the river. These shoes represent the people who lost their lives as a result of the actions of the Budapest’s Arrow Cross militiamen during the second world war.
As World War two entered its final years’ the national socialist Arrow Cross Party took control in Hungary. Thousands of civilians were still being deported and sent to slave labour camps to be murdered. In Budapest, Arrow Cross militiamen ran loose causing havoc. During the parties rule, it is estimated that 10,000 people were killed in the streets. Jewish people were often rounded up by the banks of Danube before being shot into the water. They were forced to remove their shoes as shoes were a valuable commodity during the war.
The memorial was created by film director Can Togay and sculptor Gyula Pauer. The memorial shoes are anchored to the ground. The different styles and shapes represent the fact that nobody was safe. People now place candles and flowers in the shoes as a sign of respect,
The USS Arizona Memorial, Hawaii USA.
The Battleship USS Arizona was bombed on the 7th of December 1941, about 15 minutes into the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The bomb killed 1,177 sailors and marines. Over 900 people could not be recovered and remain onboard. Today, Arizona rests where she fell in about
40 feet of water. The USS Arizona memorial was built on top of the sunken USS Arizona. It does not touch the battleship. The memorial holds the memory of 2,341 sailors, soldiers and marines and 49 civilians.
The architect Alfred Preis wanted something like a bridge that had to be able to hold at least 200 people at one time. The structure is about 184 feet long and is raised at both ends. The design represents the pride of the country before the war, the sag in the middle represents the shock and despair of the country after the bombs fell on Pearl Harbor and the second peak represents the power of the USA after the war. The memorial tells their story,
The main structure is built up of three rooms. The entry room, The assembly hall and the shine list, The assembly hall has seven large windows to represent the date of the attack. The floor is solid apart from a small hole cut into the floor so people can look down at the wreckage below.
The shrine list the names of all the victims of the attack.
Memorials For Your Loved Ones.
Here at South Wales Monuments, we understand how important it is for you to remember your loved ones in the best way you can. We offer many services which can help you achieve this outcome. If you would like more information on our monuments please contact us on 029 2088 7188 or through our website today.
Sarah Wirth is the content writer for South Wales Monuments and updates our blog regularly with helpful advice and new information.